Central and South America.
Carnivore. Arthropods (especially ants and termites) and small vertebrates (such as snake, lizards, frogs and mice).
Habitat: Rainforest with water sources.
Incubation: 8,000-30,000 eggs that in hatch in 2-7 days
Social structure: Solitary. Polygamous during breeding season.
Lifespan: 10 max
IUCN Status: Least concern.
Estimated population in the wild: Very abundant
Threats: There are no major threats to this species.
Did you know that:
- They are the largest toads in the world
- Behind each eye and over their body, adults have glands that secrete a milky poison, known as bufotoxin, when they are in danger. This venom which is made up of a complex cocktail of 14 chemicals that can kill an animal in 15 minutes if they swallow it. Even the eggs and the tadpoles can poison and potentially kill anything that ingests them.
- Males congregate in the water and call for mates. More than one male may fertilize the eggs of a single female, and a particularly successful males may fertilize the eggs of multiple females in a breeding season.
- It is one of the most destructive to the ecosystem invasive species.
- In some parts of its introduced range it competes with native frogs and has a negative impact on native wildlife that attempt to consume it.