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Chamaeleon of Pylos

Chamaeleon of Pylos

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Scientific Name:

Chamaeleo africanus


Mostly throughout sub-Saharan African, also introduced in Greece from Egypt where we can find them in the area of Pylos.




Habitat: Maquis, reed beds, olive groves.


Incubation: 20-40 eggs, 11 months incubation, 10-20 young


Social structure: Solitary


Weight: 75g


Dimensions: 30cm


Lifespan: ~5


IUCN Status in Greece: Critically endangered

Global IUCN Status: Least concern


Estimated population in Greece: 350


Threats: Tourism development, nest destruction from vehicles on the beach, destruction of coastal vegetation, alteration of their habitat for agriculture, illegal trade, fires, road kills.


Did you know that:

  1. They change the colour of their skin to protect themselves (camouflage), to regulate body temperature and to  communicate with its species.
  2. Their eyes move independently.
  3. Their tongue is as long as their body.

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