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Eurasian Eagle Owl

Eurasian Eagle Owl

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Scientific Name:

Bubo bubo


Europe, Siberia to central Asia, W China and Korea


Carnivore. Small mammals (e.g., rabbits, rats), birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes and insects.


Habitat:  rocky areas, grasslands, taiga, steppe, open forests,  farmland with suitable rocky areas


Incubation:  1-4 eggs, 34-36 days

Social structure: Usually solitary but also in pairs during the breeding season

Weight: Male: up to 2,8kg, Female: up to 4,2kg

Dimensions:  height: up to 75cm, wingspan: up to 1,88m

Lifespan: 20 years in the wild, 60 years in human care

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Estimated population in the wild: 250.000-2.500.000, population decreasing

Threats: Poisoned prey, human persecution, power lines, pollution

Did you know that:

  1. It is the largest owl species in the world.
  2. Eurasian owl’s feathers have evolved in such a way that they provide silent flights to surprise their prey
  3. They (like other owls) cough up what is known as an owl pellet after their stomach goes through the digestive process. These owl pellets contain the hair, feathers, and bones of prey they were unable to digest.
  4. They have what is known as a nictitating membrane, an eyelid that provides extra protection while they are feeding and maintains the eye moisture when visibility is still required.
  5. They can turn their heads 270 degrees enabling them 360 degree vision.  They have telescopic vision.

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