North, Central and South America.
Small mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, insects, sometimes carrion.
Habitat: Dense forests, deserts, plains, city parks.
Incubation: 1-3 eggs, 28-30 days.
Social structure: Solitary in nature, only staying with their mate during the nesting season.
Weight: male 1450g, female 2500g.
Dimensions: Length male 51cm, female 60cm. Wingspan 143cm max.
Lifespan: ~17 year in the wild, 29-38 years under human care.
Estimated population in the wild: Extremely large, unknown.
Threats: Though they are protected by law in most countries, Great-horned Owls are still occasionally shot or poisoned by humans and many die from collisions with vehicles, buildings, barbed wire fences, windows and power lines.
IUCN Status: Least Concern
Did you know that:
- They capture an extremely wide range of prey species (over 250 identified).
- They may sometimes take small domestic dogs and cats.
- A Great Horned Owl is powerful enough to take prey 2 to 3 times heavier than itself.