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American Alligator

American Alligator

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Scientific Name:

Alligator mississippiensis


Southeast USA


Carnivorous. Fish, frogs, snakes, small to large mammals. Hatching feed on insects and freshwater shrimp.


Habitat:  Freshwater swamps and marshes, rivers, lakes, brackish mangrove swamps          

Incubation period: 65 days, 35-50 eggs.

Social structure: Solitary, loose social groups

Weight: 450kg max

Dimensions: Length: 6m max

Estimated population in the wild: unknown

Lifespan: 35-50 years in the wild

Threats: During the1950s it was in danger of extinction due to hunting for its skin. Today’s threats are habitat loss and degradation and pollution which results to low reproductive success and deformities.

IUCN Status: Least concern


Did you know that:

  1. It is considered to be a living fossil, having survived on earth in the same form for 200 million years.
  2. The temperature of the nest determines the sex of the hatchlings.
  3. Before hatching the hatchlings make noises. This way the mother is called to dig them out and then carries them to the water in her jaws.
  4. It is the most vocal of all crocodilians.

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