Ursus arctos arctos
Europe and W Russia
Omnivore. Grasses, sedges, roots, berries, nuts, insects, rodents, ungulates, fish, honey.
Habitat: Mountainous forested areas
Dimensions: height 1.10m, length 2,5m
Weight: 265kg max
Gestation: 6-9 months, 1-4 young
Social structure: Mainly solitary.
Estimated population in the wild: 17,000 excluding Russia
IUCN Status: Least Concern
Threats: Fragmentation and loss of habitat, road accidents, illegal hunting and poisoned baits.
Did you know that:
- Brown bears have an excellent sense of smell, human-level hearing, but relatively poor eyesight. This is the reason they stand on their two feet, to be able to see further away.
- The females give birth while hibernating. The young weight 200-300gr.
- They lose up to 40% of their body mass while hibernating during which they are able to survive without eating, drinking, defecating or urinating.
- In Greece they are classified as Endangered, numbering 350-400 individuals.
- Under human care they can live up to 50 years.