SW Thailand and S Myanmar, S through Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo.
Omnivore. Seeds, large fruits (especially figs), large beetles, wood ants, small molluscs.
Habitat: Broadleaved evergreen dense forest, bamboo.
Incubation: 18-19 days / 5-6 eggs
Social structure: groups of up to 13 birds.
Weight: male 300g max, female 275g max
Lifespan: max 23 under human care
Estimated population in the wild: Common but declining
Threats: Forest destruction due to logging, land conversion and fires, trapping for the cage-bird trade.
IUCN Status: Near Threatened
Did you know that:
- They use their feet to scratch at the ground to stir up food sources, but they also use them to run and escape from predators. If necessary they can fly rapidly over short distances.
- At night, they typically roost on the ground or in low hanging trees, huddled in groups.
- They are reported to associate with wild pigs, feeding on discarded fragments of fruit which they would be unable to tackle whole.