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Egyptian Vulture

Egyptian Vulture

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Scientific Name:

Neophron percnopterus


Southern Europe, northern Africa and south western Asia


Opportunist. Mainly carrion, also alive insects, larvae, frogs, lizards and tortoises. Also frequents dumpsites.


Habitat: From mountains to semi desert, nests in cliffs and rocky slopes.
Incubation: 39-45 days / 2 eggs
Social structure: solitary, pairs, groups at feeding sites or communal night roosts.
Weight: 1.6-2.4kg
Dimensions: Length 54-70cm, wing span 1.46-1.75m
Lifespan: up to 37 under human care
Estimated population in the wild: 12,400-36,000
Threats: Disturbance, direct and secondary poisoning, electrocution (by powerlines), collisions with wind turbines, reduced food availability, habitat change.
IUCN Status: Endangered

Did you know that:

  1. Their status in Greece is Critically Endangered as their population has declined by 44-60% over the last 30 years. The Balkan population is less than 90 pairs.
  2. In ancient Egypt it was the sacred bird Isis Goddess and was revered as a symbol of motherhood.
  3. In Greek mythology, Zeus transformed Aegypius and Neophron into vultures: a Bearded Vulture, and an Egyptian Vulture. This became the source of the Egyptian Vulture's Latin name, Neophron percnopterus.
  4. The bird is well-known for its intelligence. it’s the only bird of prey to use tools (stones to break ostrich eggs).
  5. It is the only migratory vulture in Europe
  6. The thin beak is perfectly adapted to catch the small pieces of leftover meat on carcasses from other vultures.

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