Spain, Balearic Islands, South East France, Italy, Malta, Yugoslavia, Rumania, Albania, Greece and West Turkey.
Mainly vegetarian, but also carrion and dung of other animals.
Lives in a variety of places with good plant cover. Usually active in the morning and late afternoon. Females will lay in May/June up to a dozen round white eggs in dry soil, and babies usually hatch within 75 days. Much smaller than it's cousin, the marginated tortoise. Life span estimated at 60 to 80 years.
In Greece: Found all over Greece including most of the large islands. Like its cousin the marginated tortoise it was caught and exported for the pet trade. The species is now protected and all exports are banned.
The species is considered vulnerable.