Trachypithecus auratus auratus
Indonesia (E Java, Bali and other islands).
Mostly folivorous. Leaves, flowers, seeds of fruits, fruits, rarely insects and larvae.
Habitat: dry deciduous, mangrove, beach, and freshwater swamp forests.
Gestation: 7 months, 1 young.
Social structure: 5-21 individuals (1 or rarely 2 males and many females). Sometimes all male groups.
Dimensions: length 44-65cm
Estimated population in the wild: unknown, decreasing
Threats: Habitat loss and degradation due to expanding agriculture and human settlements, hunting for food or for the pet trade, fragmentation, and small isolated populations.
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
Did you know that:
- All offspring are born with orange coat. Some specimens maintain this colouration when they mature, but this is more rare in the wild.
- They have large salivary glands which help them break down food easily.
- The name ‘langur’ means ‘long tail’ in Hindi. Their tail is longer than their body.
- Allomothering is common within the group.
- They have the important role of seed dispersal and reforestation in their ecosystem.
- Their only known predator is the human.