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Javan langur

Javan langur

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Scientific Name:

Trachypithecus auratus auratus


Indonesia (E Java, Bali and other islands).


Mostly folivorous. Leaves, flowers, seeds of fruits, fruits, rarely insects and larvae.


Habitat:  dry deciduous, mangrove, beach, and freshwater swamp forests.

Gestation: 7 months, 1 young.

Social structure: 5-21 individuals (1 or rarely 2 males and many females). Sometimes all male groups.

Weight: 7kg.

Dimensions: length 44-65cm

Estimated population in the wild: unknown, decreasing

Lifespan: ~20

Threats: Habitat loss and degradation due to expanding agriculture and human settlements, hunting for food or for the pet trade, fragmentation, and small isolated populations.

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

Did you know that:

  1. All offspring are born with orange coat. Some specimens maintain this colouration when they mature, but this is more rare in the wild.
  2. They have large salivary glands which help them break down food easily.
  3. The name ‘langur’ means ‘long tail’ in Hindi. Their tail is longer than their body.
  4. Allomothering is common within the group.
  5. They have the important role of seed dispersal and reforestation in their ecosystem.
  6. Their only known predator is the human.

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