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Demoiselle Crane

Demoiselle Crane

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Scientific Name:

Anthropoides virgo


C Eurasia from Black Sea E to Mongolia and NE China. Winters in Indian Subcontinent and sub-Saharan Africa.


Omnivore. Mainly seeds (especially of grasses) and other plant materials, insects (especially beetles), worms, lizards and other small vertebrates.


Habitat:  Savanna and other grassland types, wetlands, deserts with available water.

Incubation: 27-29 days / 2 eggs

Social structure: Pairs, small groups or large flocks up to 400 individuals (during migration)

Weight: 3000gr max

Dimensions: 90-100cm  wingspan: 150-170cm


Lifespan:  27

Estimated population in the wild: 230,000-261,000


Threats: Habitat loss and degradation from agriculture, disturbance due to rising human populations, intensive use of pesticides, hunting for sport, shooting or intentional poisoning where crop damage occurs.

IUCN Status: Least Concern

Did you know that:

  1. They form lifelong monogamous pair bonds.
  2. The pairs perform an elaborate ballet-like mating dance before copulation. This strengthens the bond between the pair and synchronizes sexual response.
  3. Vocalizations have a critical role in the interaction, development and maintenance of pair bonds. Their unison calls are important for the ovarian development of the female.
  4. In ancient Egyptian tombs, demoiselle cranes have a strong appearance in the ancient art.

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