Mainly frugivore. Fruits, also insects including beetles and ant alates, and earthworms.
Habitat: Evergreen forests.
Incubation: 30-35 days / 2-3 eggs
Social structure: pairs, small groups of up to 12 birds
Estimated population in the wild: ~1,000
Lifespan: 35 max under human care (zims)
Threats: Deforestation and hunting.
IUCN Status: Endangered.
Did you know that:
Females of most species of hornbill seal themselves in a tree cavity leaving a narrow slit through which the male feeds her and the chicks, until they are ready to leave the nest. The male feeds the female by regurgitation. The female molts while breeding and becomes temporarily flightless.
It is the smallest Hornbill species in the Philippines.